The rise in demand for a workforce in mechanics, machinists, electricians and allied trade services and a guaranteed apprenticeship after completion of the course has brought new meaning to the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in Maharashtra with an application rate of 2.5 to 3 students per seat.
The trend has been noticed for three years where the number of applications exceeding the intake even as engineering seats are lying vacant.
The first provisional merit list for the 2018-19 academic year was announced on Tuesday by the state Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET).
Deputy director at the Mumbai headquartered directorate Yogesh Patil said, “The number of applications against the available seats is seeing an uprising trend in the recent four to five years. This is a very encouraging sign and apart from the fact that students get employment as soon as they pass out of the course. The courses have become popular for several other factors including the fees, the convenience of having a college closer to their residence and also because they get apprenticeships.”
On the other hand, students are spending four years doing their engineering degrees and many are unemployed. Patil said, “Students take up ITI after standard X exams and the course duration is a maximum of two years. So, as soon as they finish the course at the age of 16 or 17, they already have a job in hand even if they are paid in the range of Rs 6,000 to Rs 10,000 depending on their skills on a monthly basis.”
The fees for ITIs is in the range of Rs 15,000 to 16,000 for government-run institutes whereas for private ones charge around Rs 25,000 which is far more affordable than engineering. Patil said there was also a reverse trend in admissions wherein students who did not get admissions for diploma courses in engineering would take admission to ITI. However, now the trend has reversed and those who do not get an ITI seat turn to diploma courses.
The ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship has taken keen interest in developing ITIs across the country, as a result of which many institutes have introduced new trades this year.
Realising that skill development is key to employability and economic growth, technical institutes across the state have taken it as a mission to promote vocational trades.
A student who took admission last year for ITI, Ranjit Giri, said, “The reason behind taking admission for an ITI course was to start my own business after learning the required skills. I have a family-run business for wrought iron kitchen trolleys and other kitchen tools which we need to upscale and upgrade based on the current requirements and that is the reason I enrolled for the ITI course where I would be learning new these techniques.”
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